Neft Daşları(Azerbaijani: Neft Daşları, Russian: Нефтяные Камни, also known as the Oil Rocks) is an industrial settlement in Baku, Azerbaijan. The settlement forms part of the municipality of Çilov-Neft Daşları in the Khazar raion. It lies 100 km (62 mi) away from the Azerbaijani capital Baku, and 55 km (34 mi) from the nearest shore in the Caspian Sea. A full town on the sea, it was the first oil platform in Azerbaijan, and the first operating offshore oil platform in the world, incorporating numerous drilling platforms. There is evidence of petroleum being used in trade as early as the 3rd and 4th centuries. Information on the production of oil on theApsheron peninsula can be found in the manuscripts of most Arabic and Persian
The following paragraph from the accounts of the famous traveler Marco Polo “il Milione” is believed to be a reference to Baku oil: ‘Near the Georgian border there is a spring from which gushes a stream of oil, in such abundance that a hundred ships may load there at once. This oil is not good to eat; but it is good for burning and as a salve for men and camels affected with itch or scab. Men come from a long distance to fetch this oil, and in all the neighborhood no other oil is burnt but this.”
The Turkish scientist and traveller of the second part of the 17th century, Evliya Çelebi, reported that “the Baku fortress was surrounded by 500 wells, from which white and black acid refined oil was produced”.